What about Britain? According to the latest quarterly report from the UK Debt Management Office, the Bank of England now owns a third of UK government debt, which is not that dissimilar from the Eurozone. However, while HMG is in debt to a central bank under its ultimate control, the Eurozone countries are in debt to a central bank largely controlled by foreigners — and especially the Germans.
Governments around the world have borrowed their way through the Covid crisis. Increasingly, they’ve relied on their own central banks — like the US Federal Reserve or the Bank of England — to buy-up government bonds.
But where do the central banks get the money they need to do this? The answer, of course, is from nowhere. It is created out of nothing through the magic of quantitative easing or QE.
More at link.
See a comprehensive analysis of the frauds in and around finance and banking as a result of a fine received in Gibraltar a British Territory
Thank-you for the link, but the ultimate control of the Bank of England is not with the government as the article suggests. Far from it.
It's a privately owned monopoly cartel institution, which many say is - like all the central banks - owned/ controlled by the Rothschilds and partners.
I would say they’re owned by monarchy, and the Rothschilds et al are their expert(?) business partners and front-men, or at least they're thoroughly interconnected?
The article also significantly doesn't say who the other lenders to the government are. They may well be other central banks from other jurisdictions; which are all controlled by the Bank of International Settlements in Basel Switzerland! Or they may even be go-betweens for those central banks?
And Quantitative Easing (QE) is not the only means for legal tender creation as the article's wording intimates. It just happens to be the latest after decades/ centuries(?) of using mostly government debt instruments to do so.
QE is the purchasing by central banks of private financial institutions' (including high-street banks) debt instruments which are riskier and therefore come with higher (fraudulent) usury/ interest rates; probably hence the conjured scientific-sounding name to justify the scam, which contains the not so obvious twist that the ultimate seizure-power of the assets underlying those debt instruments, should those loans not be repaid, shifted from those financial institutions to the central banks with QE!!
And the Covid murder-pillage-and-plunder scam seems to be designed to make future repayments impossible, even for those who survive the lethal vaccines!!
Furthermore, those assets when registered - including children(!) - were unwittingly given to the king/ queen, who “legally” (fraud actually) owns them. The word registration comes from rex which is Latin for king. The perpetual taxes, licenses, fees, etc., is part proof of it: renting the king’s assets.
That's why monarchy has to be the ultimate owners of the central banks.
From their blueprint-plan for total world domination: Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion - "Protocol 1 Basic Doctrine. 23. Our countersign is – Force and Make-believe. Only force conquers in political affairs, especially if it be concealed in the talents essential to statesmen."
Finance and banking is a difficult subject, as satan himself, the author of this deliberate chaos and confusion, confirms in those Protocols, which he dictated to his Synagogue (Rev 2:9, 3:9), who carry out his antichrist dictates: "Protocol 20 Financial Programme 1. To-day we shall touch upon the financial program, which I put off to the end of my report as being the most difficult, the crowning and the decisive point of our plans...", which they will obviously fail at; guaranteed (2 Esdras 13:37-38, Rev. 17:14), but not without a fight it seems.
I spent 30 years in finance and about 6 of those in a merchant bank (merchant banks generally contain all the different types of banks under one roof), with responsibility for producing its monthly and annual financial results, and also reporting its financial position to the central bank, as well as a myriad of other financial positions in a variety of industries during the remaining time, and right from grassroots pre-computers hand-written accounting systems to the most sophisticated, plus having been trained as a Chartered Accountant, and I haven't even seen all of it, and I hesitate to call myself a total expert on the subject ... but I've obviously seen and I comprehend a lot, and I have the added advantage of having learned some key related information from the Enlightened Owner of this site.
Apropos of that I think I've managed to piece together, in a very readable format - I think - a panoramic birds-eye view of what’s really going on in and around finance and banking, together with the exact nature of some of the key frauds in it, because I haven’t yet come across any so-called expert who has the complete concept right, in my opinion.
The 60 page document was delivered to the Bank of England, Gibraltar courts, and others, as a rebuttal to an unjustified fine that I received in British Territory Gibraltar.
Everything has been corrupted: Justice (so-called) System, Gov't, Education, Healthcare, Media, Environment, Finance, .... etc. Many truths are being exposed and that is a good thing. There is still time left (how long is unknown). Keep exposing as Guided because the dark hates the Light.
Thank you for this great assessment. Some people think the protocols are not real, but CLEARLY they are very real to these evil people; and very real to us, as they are happening and been happening right before our eyes.
And beware of the Chinese Trojan Dragon and its debt-trap diplomacy!
I think this is exactly the scam.
And for Gibraltar, statesmen like Picardo.
Revelations 16:13 And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs [come] out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet.
16:14 For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, [which] go forth unto the kings of the Earth and of the WHOLE WORLD, to gather them to The Battle of that Great Day of God Almighty.
There are three “city-states” on Earth which control all of the evil unleashed on mankind:
London, which is the financial capital of the world for “the crown”;
Rome, which is the religious capital of the world, home to the Vatican, i.e. the “Great Whore” and “mother of harlots” (the mother church); and
Washington, D.C., which is the military capital of the world.
These three “city-states” are controlled by three positions, which themselves claim to be the trustees (owners) of ALL of the world's material posessions:-
the British Monarch;
the pope; and
the North American (U.S.) postmaster
The reason they are likened to frogs is because one never knows in what direction a frog will jump or how far.
World events most of which are ‘engineered’ leave a trail that leads to the architects. We next discover that there are 3 cities on earth that come under no national authority, they have separate laws, they pay no taxes, they have their own police force and even possess their own flag of ‘independence’. These 3 cities control the economy, military onslaughts and the spiritual beings of those in powers. The 3 cities are actually corporations and they are the City of London, District of Columbia and the Vatican. Together they control politicians, the courts, educational institutions, food supply, natural resources, foreign policies, economies, media, and the money flow of most nations as well as 80% of the world’s entire wealth. Their ultimate aim is to build a totalitarian rule on a global scale where people will be divided into rulers and the ruled after they have depopulated the world to numbers they wish to rule over. What we need to understand is that the world does not work according to what we have been led to believe. We are drowning in misinformation.
At the center of each city state are giant phallic shaped stone monuments called obelisks.
London obelisk (aka Cleopatra’s Needle): Located on the banks of the River Thames, this obelisk was transported to London and erected in 1878 under the reign of Queen Victoria. The obelisk originally stood in the Egyptian city of On, or Heliopolis (the City of the Sun). The Knights Templars’ land extended to this area of the Thames, where the Templars had their own docks. Either side of the obelisk is surrounded by a sphinx, more symbolism dating back to the ancient world.
In D.C. the obelisk is known as the Washington monument was dedicated to George Washington by the secretive brotherhood of Freemason Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia in 1848. They also contributed 22 masonic memorial stones. 250 masonic lodges financed the Washington monument obelisk including the knights templar masonic order.
Vatican obelisk: Located in St. Peter’s Square, was moved from Egypt to its current location, in 1586. The circle on the ground represents the female vagina, while the obelisk itself is the penis. This is commonly known as occult symbolism.
The Roman Empire prevails through the :
1. CITY OF LONDON INC
The City of London was formed when the Romans arrived in Great Britain 2000 years ago and started a trading post on the River Thames. Exactly 1000 years later William the Conqueror (King William III) gave sovereign status to the City of Londoners in 1694 allowing them to continue enjoying separate rights and privileges so long as they recognized him as King. The Kings that succeeded William however, decided to build a new capital city and named it Westminster. There have been numerous instances of the King and the City’s Mayor at loggerheads with each other.
What is peculiar is that laws passed by the British Parliament does not apply to the City of London.
However the City of London is not an independent nation like the Vatican.
Today the City of London is a one-square mile city. The 2 Londons have separate city halls and elect separate mayors, who collect separate taxes to fund separate police who enforce separate laws. City of London has its own separate flag and crest while London city does not. The Mayor of the City of London has a fancy title ‘The Right Honourable the Lord Mayor of London’ and rides a golden carriage to Guildhall while the Mayor of London wears a suit and takes a bus. The Mayor of London has no power over the Right Honorable Lord Mayor of London (City of London). What’s unique is that the City of London is a Corporation and older than the United Kingdom but has a representative in the UK Parliament through a person known as the ‘Remembrancer’ who is present to protect the ‘City’s interests.
The City of London houses
- Rothschild controlled ‘Bank of England’
- Lloyds of London
- The London Stock Exchange
- All British Banks
- The Branch offices of 384 Foreign Banks
- 70 USA Banks
- Fleet Streets Newspaper and Publishing Monopolies
- Headquarters for Worldwide Freemasonry
- Headquarters for the worldwide money cartel known as ‘THE CROWN’
The City of London is controlled by the Bank of England, a private corporation owned by the Rothschild family after Nathan Rothschild crashed the English stock market in 1812 and took control of the Bank of England.
The Queen refers to the City of London Corporation as the ‘Firm’ but it is known as The CROWN (not representing the Royalty of Britain). Buckingham Palace is in London but not in the City of London and the City is not part of England.
City of London directly and indirectly controls all mayors, councils, regional councils, multi-national and trans-national banks, corporations, judicial systems (through Old Bailey, Temple Bar and the Royal Courts of Justice in London), the IMF, World Bank, Vatican Bank (through N. M. Rothschild & Sons London Italian subsidiary Torlonia), European Central Bank, United States Federal Reserve (which is privately owned and secretly controlled by eight British-controlled shareholding banks), the Bank for International Settlements in Switzerland (which is also British-controlled and oversees all of the Reserve Banks around the world including our own) and the European Union and the United Nations Organization. The Crown controls the global financial system and runs the governments of all Commonwealth countries, and many non-Commonwealth ‘Western’ nations as well (like Greece). The Crown traces back to the Vatican, which is headed by the Pope (who owns American Express) In essence the City of London Corporation would become the “One World Earth Corporation” and would privately own the world.
2. Washington DC (District of Colombia)
Washington DC is not part of the USA. District of Columbia is located on 10sq miles of land. DC has its own flag and own independent constitution. This constitution operates under a tyrannical Roman law known as Lex Fori. DC constitution has nothing to do with the American Constitution. The Act of 1871 passed by Congress created a separate corporation known as THE UNITED STATES & corporate government for the District of Columbia. Thus DC acts as a Corporation through the Act. The flag of Washington’s District of Columbia has 3 red stars (the 3 stars denoting DC, Vatican City and City of London).
A look at the various Treaties raises the question of whether US remains a British Crown colony. The basis of this goes back to the first Charter of Virginia in 1606 that granted Britain the right to colonize America and gave the British King/Queen to hold sovereign authority over colonized America and its citizens. Colonized America was created after stealing America from the Native Indians. If America was colonized with British subjects these people are subjects of the British Government.
To negate this was the Treaty of 1783 declaring independence from Great Britain. However, this Treaty identifies the King/Queen of England as the Prince of the United States. (please refer www.treatyofparis.com) Nevertheless, according to the Bouviers Law dictionary in ‘monarchicial governments’ a subject owes permanent allegiance to the monarch in which case the British subjects in colonized America owed permanent allegiance to the monarch.
The reverse is applicable under Constitutional law where allegiance is owed to the sovereign and to the laws of a sovereign government and natives are both subjects and citizens.
The issue is if a war was fought in 1781 and America became victor why would Britain need to sign a Treaty in 1783? When US has won a war, America should not require the British monarch to cede land and refer to himself as Prince of the Holy Roman Empire and of the United States? There is also the issue of the use of the term ‘Esquire’ given that it is a title of nobility again showing allegiance to the Queen/King and when Benjamin Franklin, John Jay Esquire and John Adams signing on behalf of the US use the name ‘Esquire’ it is raising the question of how valid the 1783 Treaty is. John Jay went on to sign the 1794 Treaty between England and US raising again why 13 years after the Paris Treaty the US needs to sign a Treaty with England if US was really ‘independent’.
What needs to be further investigated is why US still continues to pay tax to the City if it is a free nation?
The 1794 Treaty signed between England and the US was negotiated by John Jay Esquire who negotiated the 1783 Treaty. The question is why would US need to sign Treaty’s with England 13 years after the Paris Treaty of 1783 declaring US independent? Why would Article 6 and Article 12 continue to dictate terms to an ‘independent’ America?
Further reading of US history would reveal what happened to America when it cancelled the Charter of the First National Bank in 1811 and immediately afterwards 4500 British troops arrived and burnt down the White House, both Houses of Congress, the War Office, the US State Department and Treasury and destroyed the ratification records (signed by 12 US states) of the US Constitution wherein the 13thAmendment was to stop anyone receiving a Title of nobility or honor from serving the US Government. The 1812 war lasted 3 years and the Bank Charter was re-established in 1816 after the ratification of the Treaty of Ghent in 1815. Note: 13th amendment which was ratified in 1810 no longer appears in current copies of the U.S. constitution.
In 1913 the Federal Reserve was passed by US Congress handing over America’s gold and silver reserves and total control of America’s economy to the Rothschild banksters. The Federal Reserve is a privately owned banking system that does not belong to America or Americans.
It is no better a time to question whether US is a country or a corporation and the US President and officials at the Congress are working for that Corporation and not for the American people. It appears that the US Corporation is owned by the same country that owns Canada, Australia and New Zealand whose leaders are all serving the Queen in her Crown Land and US too has been and remains a crown colony that belong to the Empire of the 3 City States – City of London, Vatican City and Washington DC. The US president is nothing more than a figurehead for the central bankers and the transnational corporations – both of which are controlled by High Ecclesiastic Freemasonry from the City of London the home of the global financial system.
3. Vatican City
The Vatican City is not part of Italy or Rome. The Vatican is the last true remnant of the Roman Empire. The State of Israel is also said to be a Roman outpost. The Vatican’s wealth includes investments with the Rothschilds in Britain, France and US and with oil and weapons corporations as well. The Vatican’s billions are said to be in Rothschild controlled ‘Bank of England’ and US Federal Reserve Bank. The money possessed by the Vatican is more than banks, corporations or even some Governments and questions why the wealth is not used to elevate at least the Christian poor when it preaches about giving?
Vatican wealth has been accumulated over the centuries by taxing indulgences, some Popes have sold tickets to heaven. Today, they are harvesting souls in Asia as a 3rdmillennium goal.
Together the 3 Cities have under their wing various societies and groups placed globally with their own so that no one contests their global plan and those that do …well all the assassinations will explain what happens.
The Fabian Society is one such entity which written in 1887 is a mixture of fascism, Nazism, Marxism and communism. It is not hard to now imagine that all these ‘ideologies’ would have also been engineered by the same people. It should come as no surprise then to discover that the Fabian Society is accredited with creating Communist China, Fascism in Italy and Germany and Socialism globally as well. How far people have been fooled and also explains the role played by the Fabian Society in formulating policies for the decolonized British Empire. It would also mean that quite a number of British educated natives given the mantle of leading the newly independent nations would have also been members of the Fabian society. The communist takeover of Russia too is said to be the work of the British Fabian Society financed by the City of London banking families.
A closer look at entities like the Bank Of International Settlements (BIS), International Monetary Fund (IMF), Club Of Rome, The Committee Of 300, the Central ‘Intelligence’ Agency (CIA), the Council On Foreign Relations, The Tri-Lateral Commission, The Bilderberg Groups, the ‘Federal’ Reserve System, the Internal Revenue Service(s), Goldman Sachs, Israel and the Israeli lobby, the Vatican, the City of London, Brussels, the United Nations, the Israeli Mossad, and Associated Press (AP) will reveal that they are all part of the Fabian Society which also controls the European Union.
A noteworthy quote is that of Australian Senator Chris Schacht who said in 2001 “You probably were not aware that us Fabians have taken over the CIA, KGB, M15, ASIO (Australian Security Intelligence Organization), IMF, the World Bank and many other organizations.”
From all this we should realize that NOTHING HAPPENS IN ISOLATION. Therefore, every event however small is engineered and orchestrated by a handful of people who control the world and what goes on in the world.
Together they have been responsible for
Global Warming/Climate change – by creating an environmental catastrophe and winning the Nobel Prize, they have created a public awareness for a ‘global government’ that gives them the right to take action over national governments. Known as UN Agenda 21 a closer look at its clauses will reveal how people will need to get permission for everything they do – in other words it is being used to control people.
Federal Banking system – The Fabian Society created the Federal Reserve Act in 1913 handing over the US economy to a cartel of international financiers.
Big Pharma – is responsible for drugging the Third World
System of local government – promoting devolution and new concept of regional councils in a bid to increase a revenue generating system. It is within an overall plan to abolish independent sovereign national governments. Britain is divided in 9 separate regions of the EU. The British will be shocked to discover that EU laws take precedence over British laws and if they have doubts they need to ask why the Queen and British PMs have signed Treaties handing over power.
Abolition of property rights – in 1974 at the Habitat Conference private property was identified as a threat to peace and equality of the environment. Using ‘environmentalism’ as a ploy the quest was to take over earth’s resources and place it under a central authority (UN) and issue licenses for payment. Who owns the UN…the same banking families. In 1987 the World Wilderness Congress was held organized by the Rothschild’s World Conservation Bank which was set up the same year. The World Bank is likely to be replaced by the World Conservation Bank – the aim is to break down national banks and assets will also be diverted to the new bank which is why there is an aim to merge currencies into 2 or 3 major currency groups and replace them with a new electronic currency which is said to be called the ‘earth dollar’. New Zealand has apparently transferred over 34% of its land area into UN Heritage Areas and Conservation Parks and these will all be owned by the same banking families. In 1992 the UN Conference on Environment and Development in Brazil was chaired by Mikhail Gorbachev responsible for dividing the Soviet Union and Maurice Strong, the Rothschild London agent. The topic was Agenda 21 which gave man rights superior to animals, fish, plants, trees and forests.
The Patriots Act, the Human Rights Bill, the European Union Constitution, the Security and Prosperity Partnership are all being manipulated to place power in the control of a few hands. Their plans are plotted annually through the Bilderberg Group and their agents run numerous think tanks that steer Government policy which are funded by the banksters who in real terms run the world. Thus the 13 banking families that run the world control the central banks of the world that print money, give loans on interest and explains how national debt never decreases. Economic crises, oil crisis (simply to increase prices), Arab Springs are all manufactured as are wars. There is a saying that all wars and bankers wars. The danger is when it comes to food as the control is being placed under Monsanto and GMOs. Monsanto is the same company that introduced Agent Orange therefore it is worthwhile reading UN’s Codex Alimentarius and the impeding dangers.
An article by John Christian on THE BANKSTER’S ‘WORLD CONSERVATION BANK’and their electronic global currency, the ‘Earth Dollar’ is worth while reading.
The Nut Is Cracked
by Judge Anna von Reitz
Posted on August 1, 2014
The Real Criminals
- Look up the Public Laws governing Citizen’s Arrest in your state. Get
ready to use them.
- Now, let’s pretend we set up a system of “naming conventions” such
that the following rules apply:
john –quincy: adams = a living American endowed with all his natural
John Quincy Adams = a foreign situs trust used in commercial shipping
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS = a foreign estate trust
John Q. Adams = a public transmitting utility company
John q. Adams = a public foundation
JOHN Q. Adams = a cooperative
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS = a boat or ship used in public commerce
JOHN QUINCY Adams = a commonwealth trust
J. QUINCY Adams = a slave owned by Exxon Corporation
J.Q. Adams = a foreign pauper forbidden to own land
Adams, John Q. = a taxpayer
ADAMS, JOHN Q. = a soldier
adams, john q. = a slave
There are dozens of different potential meanings that can be arbitrarily
assigned to anyone’s name and used to “represent” radically different
entities. In a verbal conversation we can talk all day long about someone
or something named “John Quincy Adams” and which john quincy
adams or what kind of JOHN QUINCY ADAMS will never be known,
except from the context of the conversation — but on paper the use of
such a system instantly defines what or whom is being talked about — if
you know the system.
This is what the lawyers, bankers, and politicians have used to enslave
you. It is a crime known as “personage”. By arbitrarily creating an Estate
trust named after you and claiming to own this thing they created, they
have falsely claimed to own you and your assets and to literally buy and
sell “you” on stock exchanges, ship “you” out of ports, and tax “you” for
doing things you’ve never done. After all, there is no law against
enslaving an ESTATE trust, is there? Or arresting a slave? Or charging a
tax on importing revenue to Puerto Rico?
Hand in hand with personage comes “barratry” — the crime of
knowingly bringing false claims into court. So what happens every day
all across America, when charges are brought against the ESTATES of
“dead men” who are standing right in front of the judge and jury?
Barratry — a crime that is appropriately named after the “Bar
3. Look at the front page of any law suit that has been filed in America
for the past seventy years and there you will have proof in your hand of
both personage and barratry being committed against the individual
people falsely named as “DEFENDANTS”. They are being deliberately
confused with foreign estate trusts merely named after them and they are
suffering the crimes of both personage and barratry.
4. Spread this explanation of the situation throughout the world. Take it
to the provost marshals and the highest ranking police officers, to the
sheriffs, and the deputies and the traffic cops, to the mayors, to the
politicians responsible, to the bankers who have seized your bank
accounts under the same false pretenses.
5. Go in large groups, peaceably, but with grim determination. Take your
video cameras and tape recorders and stand ready to use Citizen’s Arrest
against any public official who does not agree to assist you in shutting
down the “court” system and arresting the “District Attorneys” and
“judges” and others who have participated in this grotesque fraud.
Demand that the bankers agree to correct their records and honor your
ownership of your private property which has been deposited in their
banks in good faith.
6. If any public official presented with this information refuses to help
you, arrest them and hold them to face charges before a Citizen’s Grand
Jury composed of twelve honest men who own land in your county. If
the Sheriff of your County refuses to do his duty when confronted with
this information, arrest him, and elect a new Sheriff pro tem to serve in
the office until proper elections can be held.
It is going to be very difficult to survive, It is wise to fight for the Kingdom. We are even blessed to have the LORD in our presence, otherwise I don't know if people would really survive.
No shame at all, they put it right before our faces, God have mercy.
13:8 Therefore thus saith the Lord "I AM"; Because ye have spoken vanity, and seen lies, therefore, behold, I [am] against you, saith the Lord "I AM".
13:9 And Mine hand shall be upon the prophets that see vanity, and that divine lies: they shall not be in the assembly of My people, neither shall they be written in the writing of the "House of Israel", neither shall they enter into the land of Israel; and ye shall know that I [am] the Lord "I AM".
13:10 Because, even because they have seduced My people, saying, Peace; and [there was] NO peace; and one built up a wall (U.N.), and, lo, others daubed it with untempered [mortar]:
13:11 Say unto them which daub [it] with untempered [mortar], that it shall fall: there shall be an overflowing shower; and ye, O great hailstones, shall fall; and a stormy wind ("Desert Storm") shall rend [it].
13:12 Lo, when the wall is fallen, shall it not be said unto you, Where [is] the daubing wherewith ye have daubed [it]?
13:13 Therefore thus saith the Lord "I AM"; I will even rend [it] with a stormy wind in my fury; and there shall be an overflowing shower in Mine anger, and great hailstones in [My] fury to consume [it].
13:14 So will I break down the wall (U.N.) that ye have daubed with untempered [mortar], and bring it down to the ground, so that the (Elders of Zion / Illuminati / NWO) foundation thereof shall be discovered, and it shall fall, and ye shall be consumed in the midst thereof: and ye shall know that I [am] the "I AM".
13:15 Thus will I accomplish My wrath upon the wall (U.N.), and upon them that have daubed it with untempered [mortar], and will say unto you, The wall [is] no [more], neither they that daubed it;
13:16 [To wit], the prophets of Israel which prophesy concerning Jerusalem, and which see visions of peace for her, and [there is] no peace, saith the Lord "I AM".
The ONLY way out.
Agreed. Privileged, have earned the right lest not forget daily toil The Lord is our High Tower
Proverbs 18:10 The name of the "I AM" [is] a strong tower: the righteous runneth into it, and is safe.
Psalm 27:1 <[A Psalm] of David.> The "I AM" [is] my Light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? The "I AM" [is] the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?
27:2 When the wicked, [even] mine enemies and my foes, came upon me to eat up my flesh, they stumbled and fell.
2 Samuel 22:1 And David spoke unto the "I AM" the words of this song in the day [that] the "I AM" had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul:
22:2 And he said, The "I AM" [is] my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer;
22:3 The God of my rock; in him will I trust: [he is] my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my saviour; thou savest me from violence.
22:4 I will call on the "I AM", [Who is] worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from mine enemies.