Watch The Water


GBC News report 1 August 2022:

Priority now is to restore water, but there will be 'thorough investigation' in future, says Government

The Government says the priority right now is to restore water to Gibraltar, but that after that, it will carry out a "thorough investigation" into what happened and why, and how other contingency measures can be put in place to stop this happening again. That is according to the Minister for Civil Contingencies, who told GBC there is no time right now to look at what's gone wrong and how to improve it, but that this will be done in future.

Asked who will be footing the bill for the response to the crisis, Samantha Sacramento said the Government would be looking at AquaGib, as this is an issue of continuity of supply with a contractor of theirs - although she added the Government has not looked at this in detail yet. In terms of security, Ms Sacramento said the scene is the subject of a criminal investigation by the Royal Gibraltar Police.

Four out of five of AquaGib's reverse osmosis plants are situated at Governors Cottage. Our reporter, Christina Cortes, asked the Minister whether this has exposed the danger of putting too many eggs in one basket, as well as what contingency plans were in place to prevent the interruption of water supply Gibraltar has experienced.

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An Indian politician ended up in the hospital after drinking water from a polluted holy river to show it was safe

  • An Indian politician was sickened after drinking from a sacred river to show it was safe.
  • Officials said there was no link between the water and Chief Minister Bhagwant Mann's hospital visit.
  • The rivulet is holy in Sikhism and has undergone a 22-year cleaning project, per local media.

An Indian leader was taken to the hospital after drinking water from a sacred river in an attempt to show it was clean and safe, according to local reports.

Bhagwant Mann, chief minister of the Punjab region, was filmed drinking a whole glass of water from the Kali Bein, a rivulet that is considered holy to Sikhs, according to The Indian Express.

According to the Express, Mann was trying to demonstrate the effectiveness of a 22-year project to clean up the river. While there he announced a wider project to clean up rivers and drains statewide, India Today reported.

Two days later, Mann went to a Delhi hospital, the Express reported.

Officials denied any connection between the hospital visit and the water, saying it was a routine checkup, according to Indian TV network NDTV.

But, citing unnamed sources, the Express reported that the illness was caused by the water. Mann developed a severe stomachache and had to be airlifted for tests at the hospital, the outlet reported.

Mann was discharged late on Wednesday and, according to a tweet by journalist Gagandeep Singh, was scheduled for a meeting with officals on Thursday.

The Kali Bein is considered holy because it is believed that the founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak, bathed in its water and achieved englightenment there.

In 2000, the environmentalist Baba Balbir Singh Seechewal led a campaign to see the highly-polluted waterway cleaned up, The Indian Express reported.

The project saw significant early success, which has since slowed, it said.

Federal Water Tap, July 25: EPA Hints at Future PFAS Standards

  • EPA staff hints at the maximum contaminant level goal for two PFAS chemicals.
  • EPA also expects to change interim health advisories for the same two chemicals, PFOA and PFOS.
  • The Interior Department releases guidance for using infrastructure funds for abandoned coal mine reclamation.
  • The U.S. Geological Survey investigates PFAS chemicals in West Virginia drinking water sources.

And lastly, states in the upper Colorado River basin tell the Bureau of Reclamation that three lower basin states ought to shoulder most of the conservation burden.

“We know these numbers will change.” — Betsy Behl, director of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Health and Ecological Criteria Division. Bloomberg Law reports that Behl told the agency’s Science Advisory Board during a meeting on July 20 that interim health advisories for two PFAS chemicals are likely to be adjusted.

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Southern Europe restricts drinking water access

Article dated 7 July 2022:

Governments from Portugal to Italy are calling on citizens to limit water use to a bare minimum due to severe drought and scarce rainfall.

The situation is most dramatic in northern Italy where unusually low levels of River Po – the country’s largest river, are transforming Italy’s largest fertile region, affecting crop production and threatening the densely populated region with a serious drinking shortage.1

Similar conditions are affecting River Dora Baltea. Together with River Po, Dora Balta feeds one of the most important agricultural regions in entire Europe.

Rivers and streams in the Po district are at critical levels due to scarce winter precipitation, both snow and rain, causing severe to extremely severe drought conditions not seen in the region in 70 years, Po River Basin Authority said.

More than 100 cities have been called on to limit water consumption as much as possible.

On Monday, July 4, the Italian government declared a state of emergency for five regions until the end of the year. It plans to provide €36 million ($37 million) in the short term to combat the water crisis.

By the end of May, a severe drought was affecting 97% of Portugal, where the government restricted the use of hydroelectric power plants to 2 hours per week in an effort to guarantee the country’s drinking water supply for at least 2 years.

The association for agricultural irrigation in the towns of Silves, Lagoa, and Portimao in southern Portugal has activated an emergency plan under which 1 800 farms have to halve the irrigation of some crops.

Spain is also extremely dry, with two-thirds of its total land area at risk of desertification. Once fertile soils are increasingly turning to sand, especially after the second driest winter since 1961, according to Spain’s meteorological bureau.

Rivers across Europe are too dry, too low and too warm

Europe's great rivers are important economic routes and ecosystems, as well as emblems of the cities through which they pass. Now, countries all across the continent are struggling once more with high temperatures and prolonged drought — and, as a result, the rivers are running low or are simply too hot.

The water level in the Rhine is extremely low. The average depth of the river at this time of year is usually about 2 meters (6.5 feet), but in some places it has fallen to less than 1 meter. In one narrow section of the river, near the German city of Koblenz, the water level at the start of August was only 56 centimeters (22 inches).

The Rhine is one of the busiest waterways in the world, but low levels mean severe restrictions for cargo ships. In order for them to pass through the narrow section near Koblenz fully laden, for example, the water has to be at least 1.5 meters deep. The shallow flow means they can only be loaded to a fraction of their capacity — and this pushes up the price of the goods they transport. If water levels don't rise soon, some ships won't be able to pass at all.

(Continued ... )

This article was first published on December 21, 2012 by Market Oracle and Global Research

The New “Water Barons”: Wall Street Mega-Banks are Buying up the World’s Water

A disturbing trend in the water sector is accelerating worldwide. The new “water barons” — the Wall Street banks and elitist multibillionaires — are buying up water all over the world at unprecedented pace.

Familiar mega-banks and investing powerhouses such as Goldman Sachs, JP Morgan Chase, Citigroup, UBS, Deutsche Bank, Credit Suisse, Macquarie Bank, Barclays Bank, the Blackstone Group, Allianz, and HSBC Bank, among others, are consolidating their control over water. Wealthy tycoons such as T. Boone Pickens, former President George H.W. Bush and his family, Hong Kong’s Li Ka-shing, Philippines’ Manuel V. Pangilinan and other Filipino billionaires, and others are also buying thousands of acres of land with aquifers, lakes, water rights, water utilities, and shares in water engineering and technology companies all over the world.

The second disturbing trend is that while the new water barons are buying up water all over the world, governments are moving fast to limit citizens’ ability to become water self-sufficient (as evidenced by the well-publicized Gary Harrington’s case in Oregon, in which the state criminalized the collection of rainwater in three ponds located on his private land, by convicting him on nine counts and sentencing him for 30 days in jail). Let’s put this criminalization in perspective:

Billionaire T. Boone Pickens owned more water rights than any other individuals in America, with rights over enough of the Ogallala Aquifer to drain approximately 200,000 acre-feet (or 65 billion gallons of water) a year. But ordinary citizen Gary Harrington cannot collect rainwater runoff on 170 acres of his private land.

It’s a strange New World Order in which multibillionaires and elitist banks can own aquifers and lakes, but ordinary citizens cannot even collect rainwater and snow runoff in their own backyards and private lands.

“Water is the oil of the 21st century.” Andrew Liveris, CEO of DOW Chemical Company (quoted in The Economist magazine, August 21, 2008)

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Water companies ‘sold off reservoirs that could have eased drought’

Water industry sources said companies faced pressure from Ofwat to close old facilities to save money, as well as scrutiny from the regulator over the financial benefit of opening new ones.

Water companies say they face widespread opposition in building new reservoir facilities, despite a recognition they will be increasingly needed under drier conditions as a result of climate change.

Thames Water has spent more than a decade attempting to construct a £1 billion reservoir to serve more than eight million people in Abingdon, Oxfordshire. The plans were first rejected by the government in 2011 and have been the subject of local opposition.

There are plans for a handful of new reservoirs across the country, but only one – the £100 million Havant Thicket project, near Portsmouth – actually has planning permission.

“We need to make the bureaucratic hoops easier,” said Mr Hughes.

A spokesman for Water UK, the industry body, said reservoirs were “just one of the sources used to supply water to customers”.

The spokesman added: “New reservoirs are subject to lengthy scrutiny from regulators about their near-term need and value for money, as well as planning permission.

“One new reservoir – Havant Thicket – is due to be completed by the end of this decade, and companies have made a further 18 proposals which are under consideration in a new streamlined arrangement introduced by regulators to speed-up and facilitate their decision-making and make it more likely that projects can proceed.”

Companies ‘put short-term profits ahead of long-term water supply’

By Andrew Sells, chairman of Natural England from 2014 to 2019

Fifty years ago, my father had a small business in East Anglia which built lakes, including those at Balmoral and the RSPB headquarters in Bedfordshire.

In the subsequent half a century, many farmers across the country have learned the lessons of droughts in winter as well as summer, and built reservoirs on their land.

At the same time, several of our water companies preferred to build houses on some of their reservoirs (Thames Water refuses to say how many) and last week we learnt that together they have built precisely zero new reservoirs in the last 30 years, despite population growth of about 10 million.

No doubt some reservoirs had reached the end of their working lives – but in abandoning this critical infrastructure, without any replacements, they have again put short-term profits ahead of long-term water supply.

Long before this news came, the water companies were in the politicians’ sights. In January, the environmental audit committee found that a “chemical cocktail” of sewage, agricultural waste, plastic and persistent chemicals was polluting our rivers and concluded that “the public are rightly shocked when they discover that untreated or partially treated sewage is dumped into rivers”.

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Private water firms have been abstracting from aquifers WITHOUT THE PRE PRIVATISATION LIMIT using bore holes for precisely 35 years.......

Britain dries up: Millions face threat of household water rationing as drought is declared while shops clampdown on panic-buying with limits on bottled water and nation bakes in 95F heat

  • Parched South and East declared in a state of drought putting pressure on water companies to fix leaks
  • Some of England experienced the driest July since records began as reservoirs fell to lowest level in 30 years
  • Temperatures will hit 95F (35C) today and are forecasted to rise to 99F (37C) over the weekend with warnings

Swathes of England are officially in drought today amid scorching temperatures and hardly any rain since June as supermarkets began rationing bottled water to prevent panic buying and millions more households edged closer to a hosepipe ban.

Residents in London, the South West, Southern and Central England and East of England have been move into drought status where they are being urged to be frugal with water because of the driest summer in 50 years with no rain and 35C [95f] forecast today, 37C [98f] forecast tomorrow and 35C [95f] on Sunday.

As Britain sweltered in temperatures hotter than parts of the Caribbean, an Aldi store in London put up posters limiting customers to between three and five bottles of drinking water each amid panic buying.

Today's official drought declaration does not automatically trigger legal limits on water use in the eight areas of England named today.

But it will pile more pressure on more water companies to ban customers from using hosepipes and sprinklers. Washing cars with buckets of water from the tap could also soon be outlawed.

And if no rain arrives in the coming weeks, millions could also be banned from cleaning any vehicles, buildings and windows. It could also mean water rationing for households.

Britons have already been told to avoid baths and have short showers, put less water in the kettle, only do fully loads of laundry in washing machines and put on the dishwasher a maximum of once a day.

But the Government has insisted that there will be no repeat of household taps going dry like in 1976, where millions had to use standpipes in the street.

'All water companies have reassured us that essential supplies are still safe,' Water Minister Steve Double said, add: 'We are better prepared than ever before for periods of dry weather, but we will continue to closely monitor the situation, including impacts on farmers and the environment, and take further action as needed'.

It is the first drought declared in the UK since 2018 – although that one was rapidly brought to an end by heavy rain - but despite the threat of torrential downpours and thunderstorms on Monday, much of southern England is unlikely to see significant rain until September.

The move will also put pressure on water companies to do more to conserve supplies after a number of major leaks in recent weeks wasting millions of gallons of water. The heat and dry conditions have also taken their toll on agriculture, including grains, fruit and vegetables.

The National Farmers Union also said 'tinder dry' standing crops and parched grass posed a huge risk of fires spreading as Britons were urged not to have barbecues in case it starts blazes amid warnings that fire brigades are already too stretched to cope.

Hosepipe bans have already been announced for around 17million people – and another 15million could soon join them. Parts of southern England had the driest July since records began, and reservoir levels have fallen to their lowest levels in last 30 years.

Today, Yorkshire Water became the fifth company in England and Wales to announce a hosepipe ban for its five million customers.

Southern Water, South East Water, Welsh Water and Thames Water have all announced hosepipe bans either now or in the coming weeks. South West Water and Severn Trent have all indicated they will also bring in restrictions. Together, they would cover more than 32 million people.

Temperatures are expected to hit 95F (35C) today - making the country hotter than parts of the Caribbean and threatening crops like potatoes, apples, hops, broccoli and sprouts.

The conditions, which have almost completely deprived some areas of rainfall all summer, have prompted the National Drought Group to move parts of the South West, parts of southern and central England, and the East of England into official drought status.

The change could lead to more measures such as hosepipe bans, however, the Environment Agency has reassured the public that essential water supplies are safe.

The NDG is made up of representatives from the Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs, water companies, the Environment Agency, the National Farmers' Union, Natural England, Consumer Council for Water, water services regulator Ofwat, Water UK and the Drinking Water Inspectorate, as well as the Angling Trust and the Rivers Trust.

Water Minister Steve Double said action was already being taken by the Government, the Environment Agency and others to manage the impacts.

'All water companies have reassured us that essential supplies are still safe, and we have made it clear it is their duty to maintain those supplies', he said.

'We are better prepared than ever before for periods of dry weather, but we will continue to closely monitor the situation, including impacts on farmers and the environment, and take further action as needed.'

The most recent EA data showed rainfall totals for August have ranged from 12% of the long-term average in north east England to 0% in southeast and south west England.

Meanwhile river flow data revealed almost 90% of measuring sites were showing below normal readings, with 29% classed as 'exceptionally low'.

It comes after the driest July on record for some areas and the driest first half of the year since 1976.

Four water companies, Welsh Water, Southern Water, Thames Water, and South East Water have all imposed hosepipe bans, while Yorkshire Water has announced a ban will start on August 26.

he heat and dry conditions have also taken their toll on agriculture.

According to the NFU, crops such as sugar beet and maize are showing signs of stress from a lack of rain, while crops relying on irrigation, such as field vegetables and potatoes, are also facing problems.

NFU deputy president Tom Bradshaw said the situation was 'hugely challenging' for farmers who were facing running out of irrigation water and having to use winter feed for animals because of a lack of grass.

The NFU also said 'tinder dry' standing crops and parched grass posed a huge risk of fires spreading.

Mark Hardingham, chair of the National Fire Chiefs Council, said: 'While we are likely to see more wildfires due to the current conditions, it is impossible to say whether this will be more than when the country experienced 40-degree temperatures.

'The bigger risk at the moment is a combination of temperature and wind speed, which will contribute to fire spread and makes incidents harder to manage and extinguish.'

However, he added brigades were 'well prepared and have plans in place' to respond.

Panic buyers have returned - and this time they're after bottles of water in preparation for the impending drought.

Now, Brits are returning to the pre-Covid angst of empty shelves and are trying to stock up on water before it's too late.

One user took to Twitter and wrote: 'I'm going to rush out and buy 6 months stock of bottled water now!'

However, evidently some people are already furnishing their supply, with another user saying he saw one person at the supermarket with two trolleys full of bottled water.

Yorkshire Water will bring in a hosepipe ban from August 26, with its director of water, Neil Dewis, saying parts of the county had seen the lowest rainfall since records began more than 130 years ago.

Under the restrictions, customers are banned from using a hosepipe to water their gardens, clean their vehicles, fill their swimming pools or clean their homes.

However, they are still permitted to complete those activities with tap water from a bucket or watering can, or using water that is not sourced from taps.

Businesses will only be allowed to use a hosepipe if it is directly related to a commercial purpose.

Parts of southern England have seen the driest July since records began, and reservoir levels have fallen to their lowest levels in 30 years. Sources last night said they expect the drought declaration to be a 'formality'.

A four-day amber warning for extreme heat from the Met Office is in place for much of England and Wales until Sunday as temperatures are forecasted to rise to 99F (37C) over the weekend with warnings of health impacts and disruption to travel.

There are also fears rain after the dry weather will cause flash floods, the Met Office said, with warnings set for northern parts of the UK next week. This has already prompted farmers like TV star Jeremy Clarkson to harvest their crops early.

'It may be the wrong type of rain because it falls very fast and very hard,' Paul Davies, the Met Office chief meteorologist, told the BBC.

'When it comes against the hard ground then the water flows very fast, taking debris and causing flash flooding, whereas other areas may see very little at all.'

A drought would be the first declared in the UK since 2018 – although that one was rapidly brought to an end by heavy rain.

The move will be announced after a meeting of the National Drought Group today, led by the Environment Agency and including water firms and groups such as the National Farmers' Union and the Angling Trust.

While an official declaration of drought will not trigger any specific action by water companies, it creates a 'sense of urgency' for them, according to Government sources. An Environment Agency spokesman said firms were under no obligation to take action.

There has been criticism that water firms in England and Wales let 681 million gallons of water leak from their pipes every day, equivalent to 1,245 full Olympic swimming pools.

Tory leadership candidate Rishi Sunak yesterday vowed to crack down on leaking water companies if he becomes prime minister, saying 'nothing is off the table'. But aides in Liz Truss's camp said this amounted to a policy U-turn as he had previously supported hosepipe bans.

The UK Centre for Ecology and Hydrology said it would require 'exceptional' rainfall over the next one to three months to replenish water stocks. Satellite images show huge areas of England looking yellow and parched under the extreme dry weather.

According to the Sun, some supermarket shelves were stripped dry from water bottles.

Hosepipe bans also in turn have an effect on farmers, which could threaten crops.

Jerry Knox, a professor of agricultural water management at Cranfield University, told the Guardian: 'We are starting to see real issues for crops such as potatoes. We will see reduced yields and particularly reduced quality.'

'Potatoes are set to become more expensive while farmers are already abandoning plans to grow brassicas like cabbages,' Professor Jerry Knox of Cranfield University told the Times. 'The autumn and winter will be critical to to return to normal conditions.'

Professor Liz Bentley, chief executive of the Royal Meteorological Society, said: 'Drought will not disappear in a matter of days — it's going to take a long period of sustained rainfall.'

The UK Health Security Agency has put a heat health alert in place. Temperatures hit 34.2C (93.6F) at Wiggonholt, West Sussex, yesterday.

Forecaster Craig Snell said: 'It's going to be an incredibly hot day, and very sunny across the board, with temperatures slightly higher than what we saw on Thursday.'

There is also a heat health alert in place from the UK Health Security Agency, with experts advising people to look out for those who are older or with existing health conditions, as well as young children.

The ongoing dry conditions, combined with last month's record-breaking heatwave, have depleted rivers, reservoirs and aquifers and dried up soils, hitting agriculture, water supplies and wildlife and raising the risk of wildfires.

Four water companies in England and Wales have already brought in hosepipe bans or have signalled their intention to do so, while the Wildlife Trusts have called for an England-wide hosepipe ban to protect nature and rivers.

Some water companies have failed to meet their own targets for cutting household leaks and domestic use, with many blaming the coronavirus pandemic as more people have been at home.

Ofwat, the water regulator. said in a statement: 'Progress has been made in the past few years but there is much further to go, which is why we are pushing companies to reduce leakage, fix their environmental performance and become more financially resilient while keeping bills affordable and helping customers reduce their consumption.

'Where we find that companies have fallen short, we will act - over the last five years, for example, we have imposed penalties and payments of over £250 million.'

It comes after temperatures reached 34.2C at Wiggonholt, West Sussex, on Thursday afternoon, while many areas in southern England and Wales hit the low 30s.

Fires broke out in different areas, including London, Essex, Gloucestershire, Surrey and Cheshire, yesterday.

The London Fire Brigade were called at 11:36am yesterday to a fire at Hollow Ponds on Whipps Cross Road in Leytonstone, where around 75 square metres of grass and shrub land were alight. Two fire engines and around 10 firefighters attended the scene and the inferno was under control around an hour later. The cause of the blaze is still being investigated.

National Highways have also urged Britons to be 'prepared' with bottles of water before setting out amid more train strikes scheduled this weekend.

Met Office meteorologist Marco Petagna said: 'The risk is very high across much of central, southern and eastern England. Going into Friday and the weekend, it starts to increase further, going into the highest category of exceptional risk.'

Heatwave thresholds - which are met at different temperatures in different parts of the country - are likely to be hit in much of the UK.

Temperatures reached 34.2C at Wiggonholt, West Sussex, on Thursday afternoon, and climbed above 33C in a number of places from Shropshire to the south east of England.

Met Office chief meteorologist Andy Page also said: 'Persistent high pressure over the UK means temperatures have been rising day-on-day through this week and it is important people plan for the heat.

'Temperatures are expected to peak at 35C on Friday and possibly 36C over the weekend.

'We will also see increasingly warm nights, with temperatures expected not to drop below the low 20s for some places in the south.'

He said temperatures would drop early next week, with heavy showers and thunderstorms likely in some areas - but it was 'impossible to say yet exactly where and when they will occur'.

Britain has been told to brace for a sweltering heatwave this week as a Level 3 Heat Health Alert also came into effect Tuesday and has been extended until Saturday - with little rain expected to help relieve the threat of drought which has prompted hosepipe bans and fire warnings.

Mark Hardingham, the chairman of the National Fire Chiefs Council (NFCC) said that he 'can't remember a summer like this' in his entire 32-year career in the fire service.

(Continued ... )

Mass crop failures expected in England as farmers demand hosepipe bans

Leaked documents predict crop failure rates of up to 50% as water companies resist calls to prioritise food production.

Experts have warned of widespread crop failures across England, as charities and farmers criticised water companies for dithering over hosepipe bans despite drought being declared across much of the country.

On Friday, the Environment Agency classified eight of the 14 areas of England as being in a drought. Despite this, water companies, including Anglian Water, Southern Water and South West Water have not brought in hosepipe bans. Thames Water said it does not plan to expedite a hosepipe ban expected next week.

In recent years, we have seen this modus operandi play out. The WEF has infiltrated governments across the world, with every left-voting nation firmly under their control. Make no mistake, these Young Global Leaders, including Justin Trudeau, Emmanuel Macron, and Jacinda Ardern, are working fervently to roll out the agenda of the global elite.

Now a stunning video has surfaced in which Nestle CEO Peter Brabeck-Letmathe claims that water is not a human right and must be privatized and controlled by the elites.

Brabeck-Letmathe, the now Chairman of one of the biggest corporations and the largest food product manufacturer in the world, believes corporations should own all the water on the planet, and no one should be allowed to have access to it unless they pay.

At a time when inflation has gone double-digit, food production plants are burning down, the supply chain is in crisis, and food shortages are on the horizon, we now understand that the elites want to seize control of the planet’s water.

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Clean Water Supply Dangerously Low, Less Than Three Weeks Left For New Mexico City

The state and local government have known about this for over a month at least, and no change has been made thus far.

A New Mexico town is now less than three weeks away from being out of fresh water supply for its residents, according to reports.

The crisis has been caused at least in part by the Calf Canyon-Hermits Peak Fire depositing ash and debris in the Gallinas River, which is the main source of water supply for the city. The fire burned in the spring of this year and consumed about 340,000 acres- the most in the state’s history.

After the fire, an unusually heavy rain season in the region carried the ash into the river, filling both the city’s reservoirs with an amount of cancer-causing contamination that its filtration system can’t handle.

Even worse, are the water wars that go on today [than the true story of China Town, here is the back story] -


The Water Fight That Inspired ‘Chinatown’


Much of the Owens Valley, east of the Sierra Nevada, is now owned by the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power as a result as of a century-old water grab. The authority helped the valley recover from its dessicated state several years ago.

For many people, at least outside the far West, the mention of California’s water wars tends to conjure Roman Polanski’s “Chinatown.” The 1974 film classic, starring Jack Nicholson, Faye Dunaway and John Huston, is loosely based on the success of the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power in siphoning off most of the Owens River, a stream fed by the snowmelt of the Eastern Sierra, and bringing it to the Los Angeles basin about a century ago.

In an article that Adam Nagourney and I just wrote for The Times, we describe angry exchanges between San Diego’s water agency and a consortium of its neighbors over the roots of their 20-year fight over water. Lots of lawyers are involved.

But six decades before San Diego squared off in court with its neighbors — including the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power — over the cost and reliability of its water deliveries, an even more ferocious battle was under way. The farmers of the Owens Valley were actually dynamiting the aqueducts taking their water to Los Angeles, prompting the city to send in guards with machine guns to guard its infrastructure.

There are many fine accounts of this history, among them Marc Reisner’s well-known book “Cadillac Desert”, which describes water issues throughout the West and epic bureaucratic battles like one between the federal Bureau of Reclamation and the Army Corps of Engineers over control of dam building.

But as this blog post by Christopher Hawthorne in The Los Angeles Times relates, Los Angeles’s resolve to win the rights to the Owens River by any means necessary arguably redefined the city and its character.

An alternative perspective is cogently summarized in this book by Gary D. Libecap, a fellow at Stanford University’s Hoover Institution who argues that the Owens Valley deal was the first major instance of water markets’ effectively working. He casts it as a farm-to-urban transfer in which the farmers got fair value for the water, particularly because the Owens Valley was not an agricultural paradise but a marginal area with alkaline soil and low productivity.

(View source for Chinatown (1974 film) - Wikipedia)

Chinatown is a 1974 American neo-noir mystery drama film directed by Roman Polanski from a screenplay by Robert Towne, starring Jack Nicholson and Faye Dunaway. The film was inspired by the California water wars, a series of disputes over southern California water at the beginning of the 20th century, by which Los Angeles interests secured water rights in the Owens Valley.[4] The Robert Evans production, released by Paramount Pictures, was the director's last film in the United States and features many elements of film noir, particularly a multi-layered story that is part mystery and part psychological drama.[5]

U.S.C. Libraries William Mulholland

Whichever version of the history is correct — the scriptwriters of “Chinatown” certainly took sides — no one was more crucial to the outcome than William Mulholland, the Irish-born civil engineer whose vision of finding water for his adopted town was as inspired as his methods were ruthless.

The movie splits his character virtually in two. One character is the visionary, careful and concerned civil engineer Hollis Mulwray, whose name lightly echoes Mulholland’s. The other is the charming, brutal magnate Noah Cross, who gets to utter one of the best bits of dialogue in the movie: “Most people never have to face the fact that at the right time and the right place, they’re capable of anything.” Cross is the Machiavellian genius behind a scheme to torque political and economic forces to ensure the transfer of water from distant farmlands.

Mulholland was both a visionary and a tactician, finding a likely source of water for his city in an inland valley 200 miles away and arranging, with the help of a federal official who did double duty working for Los Angeles, to buy up strategic parcels of land. The property lay along the route of the aqueduct they hoped to build but also in the districts that could provide them with the political and economic power they needed to control more water.

When enough farmers who shared the responsibility for and the benefits of a particular water district were lured into selling to the water and power department, the financial pressure on the remaining farmers became intense. That was mainly because there were fewer people to share the cost of maintaining the plumbing that supported local agriculture.

When 95 percent of the water rights along the river were in the hands of Mulholland’s department, an aqueduct some 233 miles long was built to take the water to the city. But because the amount that was flowing to Los Angeles was more than it could use, Owens Valley water soon made the San Fernando Valley bloom and enriched inside investors who were champions of Mulholland’s plans. (The relevant line from the movie, spoken by Jack Nicholson’s character, J.J. Gittes: “Do you have any idea what this land would be worth with a steady water supply? About $30 million more than they paid for it.”)

Eventually Los Angeles incorporated those farmlands into its boundaries. In an effort beginning in 1905, Dr. Libecap reports, the city acquired the land and water rights of 1,167 Owens Valley farms comprising 262,000 acres for about $20.7 million. (The latter figure is the equivalent of more than $220 million today.)

The one serious misjudgement in Mulholland’s plan was his calculation of how fast the newly watered city would outgrow the initial infusion of water. So Mulholland and Los Angeles came back for more of the river in 1926 and 1927, and some local farmers responded by repeatedly blowing up the pipeline. Mulholland then sent dozens of armed guards to protect his aqueduct. Soon, agricultural resistance dissipated. But the legend of injustice persisted.

For decades thereafter, the Owens River was reduced to a trickle; the department Mulholland built into a powerhouse still owns much of the floor of the Owens Valley. Public ownership proved handy when the federal government was looking for sites for interning Japanese citizens during World War II; the Manzanar War Relocation Center near Lone Pine was built on land leased from Los Angeles.

Mulholland’s legacy, then, is at best, ambiguous. (The catastrophic 1928 collapse of the St. Francis dam, built to hold some of the Owens Valley water, did not help.)

Whether or not the popular conception of this history, deeply reinforced by “Chinatown,” is correct — and Dr. Libecap’s book argues that it is not — there is no question that it still infects latter-day arguments about transfers of water from agricultural to urban uses in the West.

“The Owens Valley history is important for understanding the politics of water reallocation and the difficulties faced by water markets today,” Dr. Libecap writes.


Where are the rivers?

Where Are The Rivers? | Mississippi | Rhine | Parana | Yangtze | What Does This Mean for Shipping?What’s Going on With Shipping?

October 26, 2022

In this episode, Sal Mercogliano – maritime historian and former merchant mariner – discusses the impact of falling river levels & drought on inland waterway systems (the Mississippi in North America, Parana in South America, Rhine in Europe and Yangtze in China) and what does this mean for the inland shipment of cargo, in particular, grain and food.

Where Are The Rivers Mississippi Rhine Parana Yangtze What Does This..

Where Are the Rivers? | EU | Before It's News

Drinking water for homes and schools in Arizona is DRYING UP because foreign owned megafarms are sucking it up for their crops . . . which are then shipped to Middle East

  • Declining water tables in the area suggest water levels have dropped from about 100 feet in the 1950s to about 540 feet in 2022
  • Arizona's La Paz County is experiencing its worst drought in 1,200 years, partially due to the Colorado River Basin's drought
  • Middle Eastern megafarms are importing 80 percent of their agriculture

Drinking water for residents of Wenden, Ariz., has started to dry up as megafarms owned and backed by sovereign nations use it to grow their crops instead.

Groundwater is a necessity to grow agriculture in the Southwest, and while the Colorado River Basin is going through a prolonged drought, overused aquifers in Arizona are rapidly being exhausted, affecting the local lifestyle and economy.

In fact, workers with the state's water district watched, with the aid of a camera lowered into the town's well, the water moving, CNN reported.

That's because, according to Gary Saiter, a resident and head of the Wenden Water Improvement District, the water was being literally and rapidly pumped out of the ground by a neighboring well belonging to a United Arab Emirates-based company.

WION Climate Tracker | Barcelona on 'drought alert': Water restriction to be imposed on Friday

Climate Tracker Barcelona on drought alert Water restriction to be imposed...

The effects of climate change are being felt around the world. Now, Barcelona is on a 'drought alert' and a water restriction will be imposed on Friday.


Isaiah 41:17-18
41-17 [When] the poor and needy seek water, and [there is] none, [and] their tongue faileth for thirst, I the "I AM" will hear them, I the God of Israel will not forsake them.
41:18 I will open rivers in high places, and fountains in the midst of the valleys: I will make the wilderness a pool of water, and the dry land springs of water.